Unbelievable but true, these are some of the happiness habits based on the science of psychology: Breathe in the whole forest. Learn to forgive everyone. Wonder from behind a veil of fear.
Psychologists have developed a collection of exercises or “interventions” proven to increase our happiness. To reap benefits from their decades of happiness research, all you have to do is include these into your daily life.
When you carry out these five exercises on a repeat schedule, they build into happiness habits.
Five Habits of Happiness Backed By The Science of Psychology
Research from positive psychology gives us enough cues as to what rituals we could start with for raising our happiness levels.
Here are 5 simple, science-backed habits of happiness:
Habit #1. Get Some Forest Therapy
In Japan, they call it shinrin-yoku, and in Mandarin, they call it sēnlínyù. The English speakers call it “forest bathing” or “forest therapy” — in essence, an unrushed walk in the forest.
Researchers from Japan and South Korea have extensively studied the health benefits of spending time under the canopy of a living forest and built a robust body of scientific literature.
Researchers found a 40-minute walk in the forest improved mood and feelings of health and robustness.
Shinrin-yoku is now finding recognition and usefulness through the rest of the world.
In this, you go to a forest and spend time taking a relaxed walk while inhaling deep the forest air. What you would do is this: breathing in the forest air mixed with essential oils (phytoncides) released by the trees.
There are many scientifically proven benefits inhalation of inhaling these organic tree oils. They significantly decrease cortisol – a stress hormone. It improves blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Forest therapy improves mood and increases mental energy and performance.
The phytoncides also increase immunity by increasing the body’s natural killer cells. It helps patients to recover faster from any surgery or illness. Current research is hinting that this might even prevent cancer.
Habit #2. Learn The Art of How To Forgive
Everything and everyone can be forgiven.
You might want to react to that with a rebellion. Yes, there are acts and people that you can not and should not forgive. But in opposing the idea of universal forgiveness, you could be overlooking one thing.
While asking you to forgive the worst offenses and the vilest offenders, mind it, we’re not asking you to do it for their sake. Forgiving another person is only meant for you.
When you forgive someone, you don’t even have to tell them about it. When you pardon the people who hurt you but do not tell them about it, in a way, you let them suffer — if they are suffering at all without your forgiveness.
Forgiveness is letting go of your negative feelings whether or not that person deserves it, or they get to know about it.
At the same time, by forgiving them in your own mind space, you are ultimately, and only, putting down the smoldering grudge of chronic anger that has been hurting you.
Letting go of your resentments will make space in your mind for other positive emotions to come and stay. It might be the hardest of all the happiness habits we mention here.
Studies have found that the act of forgiveness can lower the risk of heart attack and improve blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Research shows it reduces pain, anxiety, depression, stress.
It can help us sleep better.Forgiveness is releasing your negative feelings. "Your" is the vital word there, because forgiveness does not have to involve the person you're forgiving. Click To Tweet
Researchers indicate that with age, your forgiving capacity gets more intricately linked to your health. Says Karen Swartz, the director of the Mood Disorders Adult Consultation Clinic at The Johns Hopkins Hospital:
There is an enormous physical burden of being hurt and disappointed.
And lastly, don’t forget to forgive yourself. It may be even harder to come by, but once you decide to do it, here’s how you could forgive yourself.
Habit #3. Start The 3 Good Things Gratitude Practice
This is a simple and still powerful practice that can boost your happiness levels. It’s actually a science-verified method of counting your blessings. It’s effectiveness was proven by Kennon Sheldon and Sonja Lyubomirsky, and Martin Seligman et al, in 2005.
The process is simple. Sit down with a pen and paper, undisturbed, and write down three good things that happened in your day. Be sure to include how they made you feel, and why they happened.
It will be difficult at first, but you’ll get the right hang of it with practice. You could do this before going to bed, or in the morning.
What this does is force us to start seeing the good things in our lives. In our normal day-to-day life, we tend to focus on the negative things around us, as these pose a potential threat to our survival.
And in doing so, we become experts at ignoring the good things around with us. With the 3 good things practice, our mind becomes more aware of the positive things in our life.
Whereas a negative brain sees problems, a brain re-conditioned to “look at the bright side of life” sees happier possibilities.
As a result, you find yourself living happier, more fulfilling lives.
Here’s The Shortest Guide To Three Good Things:
Habit #4. Exercise At Least 5 Days A Week
Exercise is good for you, whatever your age, sex, or physical condition. Apart from fighting back many diseases, it boosts your mood and energy. Science has shown time and again that physically active people are happier.
Experts suggest we do 30 minutes of moderate exercise for at least 5 days a week.
John Ratey, the world’s most known exercise researcher, says:
Exercise generates the release of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine in the brain. People’s mood significantly increased after exercise.
- Exercise helps us have better control of our bodies and the capabilities of our bodies, which then boosts our confidence for goal-achievement.
- Exercise distracts us from negative thinking patterns, as overthinking and worrying, and cuts down our stress.
- When you exercise with a friend or a group, it increases your social relatedness and hikes your happiness.
A recent study revealed that exercise helps the body remove toxic substances linked to stress-related depression. Dr. Jorge Ruas, who led the study, says:
Well-trained muscle produces an enzyme that purges the body of harmful substances.
Researchers found that even a 20-minute bout of exercise can give a mood lift that can last for up to 12 hours. Remember to make the workout fun.
Catch this post for a deeper ken on Exercise And Mood Boost.
Habit #5. Let Into Your Life The Power of Awe
It is difficult to describe. But you may equal awe to a feeling of dread added with wonder, thereby making awe a little less joyful than wonder.
In any case, awe is light-years away from the irritatingly ubiquitous urban jargon ‘awesome.’
You get a feeling of awe when you come across something exceptionally grand and extremely powerful. A thing of awe exhilarates and scares.
Psychologists Paul Piff, Pia Dietze, and Dacher Keltner tell us how to find awe in their paper Awe, the Small Self, and Prosocial Behavior:
Awe arises in evanescent experiences. Looking up at the starry expanse of the night sky. Gazing out across the blue vastness of the ocean. Feeling amazed at the birth and development of a child. Protesting at a political rally or watching a favorite sports team live. Many of the experiences people cherish most are triggers of the emotion we focused on here—awe.
Paul Pearsall, a psychiatry professor and a clinical neuropsychologist, was the person who wrote the first-ever book on it: Awe: The Delights and Dangers of Our Eleventh Emotion.
It turned out to be his last book before he passed away in 2007. He saw awe as the 11th emotion, beyond the scientifically accepted ten emotions of love, fear, sadness, embarrassment, curiosity, pride, enjoyment, despair, guilt, and anger.
Through that book, Pearsall tells us if we experience and interpret awe correctly, it can save us from a state of languishing and launch us into a much-needed state of flourishing.
As he says, you can make that personal journey from languishing to flourishing by consciously engaging and reflecting on the world outside yourself, by being in awe of the ordinary things around you.Don't forget to feel awe. It can take you from a life of languishing to one of flourishing. Click To Tweet
If we go beyond a kind of ignorant distant voyeurism through which we gawk at life rather than fully engage with it and put in the effort to try to understand a little more about life’s meaning, awe becomes less a feeling of being high and more a feeling of deep immersion in any and all of life’s processes, including health, illness, love, and even death.
You must find out more about awe: The Little-Known Power of Awe.
How To Start A Good Habit
We all know habits are difficult to build and break. Especially if it’s a good habit, it’s difficult to build. And if it’s a bad habit, it’s tough to break away from it. Indeed, whether they are good habits or bad habits, it is always difficult to start or stop.
So, what do we do to form a new good habit?
The best way to start a habit is this: Shun Habits. Start Rituals.
Science suggests we start with rituals instead. Rituals are far easier to slip into our daily schedule. Read on for how to build rituals into habits.
Is there a difference between habit and ritual?
Yes. A habit is something you do day in and day out without paying much attention. It happens as if you’re on autopilot, with no conscious involvement.
Remember, all habits are ultimately automatic, spontaneous behaviors.
- Waking up and reaching for your smartphone the first thing in the morning is a habit.
- Munching down snacks while watching movies is a habit.
- Changing into a jogging-gear and going out for a run the moment you hit back your home is a habit.
A ritual is the opposite of a habit.
A ritual requires intention, attention, and engagement. It’s never automatic, as when starting out to make exercise a daily habit.
Simplified, when you’re doing an activity with mindfulness and attention, you’re carrying out a ritual.
You can’t set a habit from day one. You always have to start with a ritual, which might become a habit if you keep repeating it enough number of days.
- Taking out time for 15 minutes of meditation tomorrow morning, instead of scrolling through your social media feed, is a ritual.
- Going for a 3-minute chair yoga practice whenever you might be craving for a smoke today, is a ritual.
And each of these can become a habit when you give it enough time and practice.Habit is an act you do without paying much attention. A ritual is just the opposite – it needs intentional focus. Click To Tweet
So, don’t attempt to create happiness-habits at the outset. Instead, aim to start with happiness rituals. In time, they’ll get ingrained as habits.
Remember, all our habits are mostly subconscious activities.
Summary of 5 Happiness Habits
Now, a quick review of the 5 science-backed happiness habits:
- Practice Forest Therapy
- Learn the art of Forgiveness
- Start doing the 3 Good Things
- Work out at least 5 days a week
- Let into your life the Power of Awe
Of all these five happiness rituals, that become happiness habits with time, we suggest you surrender to awe first, and feel how it changes you.
To find awe, look at some old pictures from your parents’ or grandparent’s time. Go watch a flower sway in the spring breeze, or peer into the vast expanse of a late evening sky.
Watch Felix Baumgartner jump from a helium balloon floating 39 km (24 miles) above the earth to set a world record for the highest skydive, and feel awe:
Want more? Click the pic below:
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Author Bio: Written and reviewed by Sandip Roy – medical doctor, psychology writer, happiness researcher. Founder of Happiness India Project, and chief editor of its blog. He writes popular-science articles on positive psychology and related medical topics.
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